The lower and upper jaws of crocodiles are about the same width, and the teeth fit along the margin. Regardless of their function, they help distinguish the skins of alligators and crocodiles. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. The three families are members of class Reptilia and order Crocodilia. Bay, Bight, Fjord, And Sound: Similarities And Differences Between These Coastal Features, California Condor Facts: Animals Of North America, The Causes And Effects Of Ocean Pollution. Freshwater crocodiles are the most aggressive of these reptiles, while alligators, saltwater crocodiles, and gharials are relatively docile. The upper jaw is so broad that when the jaws are closed many of the teeth of the lower jaw fit into sockets along the edge of the expanded upper jaw. The snout of the alligator is designed for strength and can withstand stress when applying massive force to break bones and shells. The two carnivorous reptiles share many similarities; both are members of the Alligatoridae family, are cold-blooded, live in warm climates, spend their time in freshwater, and belong to the Crocodilia order. In contrast, the term “crocodiles” refers only to the "true" crocodiles. Thus, the head length of a 3 m long Gharial is not very different from the head length of a Saltwater Crocodile of the same total length - Gharials simply have a far greater proportion of the head allocated to snout. The gharial, with its narrow snout, is easier to distinguish, while morphological differences are more difficult to spot in crocodiles and alligators. The differences described above are apparent physical disparities between the three reptiles. However, if you do spend time in southern Cuba, the Yucatán peninsula, or Central America, apply the other two techniques for proper identification of caimán vs crocodile. Crocodiles have the ability to migrate across wide bodies of water, which explains their wide distribution. Difference between Caiman vs Alligator Firstly, it is worth noting that the term “crocodilians” refers to all members of the Family Crocodylidae (“true” crocodiles), Family Alligatoridae (alligators and caimans) and Family Gavialidae (gharial, Tomistoma). In contrast to alligators and caimans, when "true" crocodiles close their jaws the enlarged 4th tooth on the lower jaw rests in that notch, and its tip is clearly visible. Gharials, sometimes called gavials, are a type of Asian crocodilian distinguished by their long, thin snouts. The skull and jaws of all crocodilians function identically, and are composed of the same suite of bones. It can hold its breath and stay underwater for a long time—more than half an hour. ' A saltwater crocodile (such as the Nile Crocodile) and the American Alligator skins will have smoother, seamless bend without any spaces between the scales. It forms more of a V shape along the bottom of it. Natural Habitat. Research shows that these receptors play a role in chemical reception and salinity detection. Differences Between Crocodiles, Gharials, and Alligators Alligators are part of the crocodile order, so while all alligators are crocodiles, only some crocodiles are alligators.There are many types of crocodiles all over the world (and the order goes back 84 million years to the Cretaceous Period), but there are only two types of alligators—the American alligator of the U.S. south, and the Chinese alligator, which lives only along the Yangtze River. 2. Gharials dig their nests using the back feet; the depth of the nest is around 20-24 inches. Gharial (Gavialis Gangeticus) Gharial or the fish eating crocodile is one of longest living crocodilians in the world, found in northern part of the Indian Subcontinent. The gharial is critically endangered as a result of habitat loss, depletion of fish reserves, and entanglement in fishing nets. The V-shaped snout of the crocodile does not match the strength of the alligator, but is capable of exerting a powerful bite. The jaw is adapted to maneuver quickly to catch fish, which is the primary part of  the gharial's diet. What Is The Ecological Role Of Crocodiles? Additionally, saltwater crocodiles can live for extended periods along the coast and venture into the ocean in search of food. Furthermore, it is sharply constricted or notched on the snout. Gharials , Gavialis gangeticus are the inhabitants of deep, fast flowing rivers. There are six different species of caiman found throughout the watery, jungle habitats of Central and Southern America. Crocodiles, alligators, and gharials share many physical characteristics but also exhibit unique distinctions. Gharials are limited to the Indian subcontinent. Jul 28, 2015 - crocodile vs alligator vs caiman vs gharial - Google Search So, what are the differences between caimans, alligators, and crocodiles? The jaws of crocodiles and alligators can be more difficult to distinguish when observed from afar. Sep 12, 2019 - Explore Shannon Beaumont's board "Alligators, Crocodiles, Caimans, and Gharials", followed by 173 people on Pinterest. One of the most commonly asked questions is - "What is the difference between a crocodile and an alligator?". The upper jaw of "true" crocodiles is not as broad as that of alligators and caimans. Crocodiles have these sensors throughout the body, but alligators and gharials only have them in the jaw area. Caiman vs Alligator vs Crocodile. There are two types of alligators, the Chinese alligators, and the American alligators. This elongation has been achieved more by compacting the cranial part of the skull, at the rear, than by elongation of the whole head. In the alligators and caimans, this tooth fits into a socket in the upper jaw when the jaws are closed, such that its tip is hidden. However, external factors such as temperature, habitat, and the presence of other animals also affect the activeness of reptiles. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Crocodiles have long and pointed V-shaped noses, whereas alligators have round and U-shaped snouts. The teeth at the front of the jaw are the largest since they are designed for grasping. The Gharial is … This is the same type of look that a caiman has as well. Alligator vs Crocodile: Appearance All crocodilians have roughly the same physiology: a lizard-like body and a tough, scaly skin, with an elongated snout and tails (flattened sideways) . “Alligator” vs. “Crocodile”: Do You Know The Difference? The Caiman can be found in northern South America. As nouns the difference between gavial and caiman is that gavial is a crocodile-like reptile with long, narrow jaws (species (taxlink)); one of two surviving members of the family (taxlink) while caiman is a relative of the alligator, of the genus caiman it resembles an alligator and a crocodile but smaller. It is a carnivorous reptile that lives along slow-moving rivers and lakes, in the seasonally flooded savannas of the Amazon basin, and in other freshwater habitats in South America. The Nile crocodile—four of which have been found in the state's swamps since 2000—are more dangerous than the native crocodiles and alligators, scientists say. The same thing can be said about a dip in a lake or pond—only the creature you want … When people talk about "alligators", they are referring to the American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis). Difference between Crocodile and Gharial: Gharials are inhabited only around India, whereas crocodiles are found in wide spreads, including Australia. Different families: There are three groups (families) of crocodilians: the alligatoridae, which includes the alligator and the caimans; the crocodylidae, which includes the "true" crocodiles; and the gavialidae, which contains only the gharial.So, the first difference is that alligators and crocodiles are actually in different families. What Are The Differences Between Gharials, Crocodiles, And Alligators? They are wider for the alligator so it has a U shape along the bottom of it. This article aims to highlight the important differences between crocodile and gharial. A proper Alligator or Crocodile hide will not have these bony scales. The easiest way to distinguish the three species apart is by observing their snout, however, I don’t recommend getting too close :). The long, thin snouts of gharials have about 110 teeth, with 50-52 on the lower jaw and 54-58 on the upper. By Victor Kiprop on November 4 2019 in Environment. The crocodile can be found in Africa, Southeast Asia and Northern Australia. There are two to three species caimán that share range overlap with the American crocodile, Cuban crocodile, and the Morelet's crocodile, but these are not places most readers likely visit. So it makes sense to regard crocodilians (that is, the group of living alligators, crocodiles, caimans, gharials, and so on) with suspicion. Caimans live only in certain freshwater areas of South and Central America. Black Caiman - Melanosuchus niger The black caiman, Melanosuchus niger, is a crocodilian. Alligator vs Crocodile: What are the Differences There are many differences between alligators and crocodiles, but these two reptiles also have a lot in common. Alligator vs. Crocodile ... aggressive even ancient Egyptian could tell different it from Nile crocodile .Cuban crocodile is very aggressive in alligator caiman are very ... place look at the gharial missing important feature in skull still strong enough to do the death roll or false gharial … The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) and Tomistoma (Tomistoma schlegelii) have greatly elongated snouts. The American Alligator is part of this Order of reptiles. The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) and Tomistoma (Tomistoma schlegelii) have greatly elongated snouts. The gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), also known as the gavial or the fish-eating crocodile, is a crocodilian in the family Gavialidae and among the longest of all living crocodilians. How Many Types Of Crocodiles Live In The World Today? Gharial feeds majorly on fish and small Amphibian and rarely kill humans. This extraordinary ancient group is conside… Hence, this group is considered as one of the oldest groups that have lived on earth; they are known as ‘living fossils. The main criteria used to distinguish members of the three crocodilian Families are associated with the head, particularly the jaws and skull. Alligator is a different family. Alligators and caimans belong to the same family, alligatoridae, whereas crocodiles belong to a different family, crocodylidae. See more ideas about crocodiles, caiman, alligator. The black caiman has a bony ridge over brown eyes, and black, scaly skin. Gharials are easily identifiable by their distinctly long and thin jaws. Gharials and crocodiles differ from alligators in that they have salt glands on their tongue in the form of modified salivary glands. Alligators can only spend short periods in saline conditions and prefer freshwater bodies. The gharial is a fish-eating reptile native to the freshwater rivers of the Indian subcontinent, and resembles a crocodile except for its elongated snout. Consequently alligators and caimans have more similarities to each other than either does to the crocodiles. At present, there are 23 living species of Crocodilians that belong to three Families namely; Alligatoridae, Crocodylidae, and Gavialidae. The average length for most of the other caiman species is about 2 to 2.5 m (6.6 to 8.2 ft) long. Crocodiles, caiman, gavials, and alligators can be found in warm to tropical climates. Gharial Alligator A giant alligator Crocodile The gharial comes in the crocodilian family which consists of mugger,gharial etc. Alligators have a wider upper jaw that overlaps the lower, and when the reptile closes its mouth, the teeth in the lower jaw fit perfectly in the sockets or depressions of the upper jaw. Caiman vs. Crocodile vs. Alligator. They are members of the order Crocodilia, which also includes Caimans, Gharials and alligator. There are 14 species of "true" crocodiles, in three genera; Crocodylus, Osteolaemus, Mecistops). Crocodile and Gharial originated a long time ago, and they, in fact, are living fossils. Mature females are 2.6–4.5 m (8 ft 6 in–14 ft 9 in) long, and males 3–6 m (9 ft 10 in–19 ft 8 in). While they might look the same from afar, experienced biologists give us a few clues by which we can tell them apart. When a crocodile closes its mouth, the upper teeth interlock with the lower. Although alligators do have the same structures, they have become obsolete and can no longer secrete salt. Crocodiles are large semi-aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the America and Australia. Gavial is a see also of caiman. Alligators and crocodiles have small sensory pits around the lower and upper jaws that detect pressure changes in water, which help locate and capture prey. They have four limbs (legs) that are small in comparison to their overall bodies; webbed toes; and ears, nostrils, and eyes that sit on top of their heads. There are 14 species of "true" crocodiles, in three genera; Crocodylus, Osteolaemus, Mecistops). The snout is the biggest difference with the crocodile and the alligator. Fortunately, there are some external characteristics of the head that allow members of the three Families to be distinguished. See the differences below: 1. The jaw is designed to feed on a variety of prey. The most obvious external differences are visible in the head, with crocodiles having narrower and longer heads, with a more V-shaped than a U-shaped snout compared to alligators and caimans. The distribution and their physical features are very important to distinguish them from each other. Imagine this, you are canoeing on a river during a sweltering afternoon, and you see what looks like a log floating around on murky waters. The database covers all 23 species of extant crocodilian, including alligators, caimans, crocodiles and the gharial. There are seven extant alligatorid species, divided amongst four genera (Alligator, Caiman, Melanosuchus, Paleosuchus). But there is variation in the extent to which different bones compose certain structures. crocodile would eat them all and then caiman be all like "ima bust yo gut" and break out of crocodile's tummy. Must check- Alligator vs Crocodile comparison. The snout of the crocodile is thinner. Alligators and caiman are two creatures known for their voraciousness and ability to strike fear into any animal (including human beings) that crosses their path. Crocodilians, which include crocodiles, alligators, caimans, and gharials are the reptiles that first appeared on earth about 210 million years ago. The gharial is critically endangered as a result of habitat loss, depletion of fish reserves, and entanglement in fishing nets. This is a major distinction between "true" crocodiles and alligators and caimans. Saltwater crocodiles grow to an average length of 17-18 ft, but some individuals can exceed 20 ft, while the African dwarf crocodile has an average length of only 4-5 ft. Alligators are native to Eastern China and the Southeastern United States, while crocodiles are spread across the Americas, Southeast Asia, Australia, and Africa. The smallest species is the Cuvier's dwarf caiman (Paleosuchus palpebrosus), which grows to 1.2 to 1.5 m (3.9 to 4.9 ft) long. Includes distribution and habitat information (plus maps), photographic images and head drawings, plus biology, ecology and conservation information in an easy to navigate format. The gharial is listed as Critically Endangered due to the loss of riverine habitat, now only found in Chambal River. Alligators are members of the Alligatoridae, a close relative to the crocodiles and the caimans. While enjoying a dip in the ocean, there’s one thing you definitely don’t want to see: a shark fin in the water. This is a major distinction between "true" crocodiles and alligators and caimans. They are all members of the class Reptilia and order Crocodilia, but belong to different families. However, there are also innate differences, such as behavior. The gharial is a fish-eating reptile native to the freshwater rivers of the Indian subcontinent, and resembles a crocodile except for its elongated snout. * 2010 , Steve Parker, Crocodiles , page 18, The gharial' breathes air into its '''lungs''', like caimans, alligators, and crocodiles. Crocodile vs Gharial . Caiman is a see also of gavial. Alligatorids tend to have broad snouts, which are often referred to as being "shovel-shaped". While the skin is still pliable and very strong, these thick scales are the telltale signs that you have Caiman leather. Gharials . Gharials … Researchers believe that the animals share a common ancestral origin but are separated by over 40 million years of evolution. The salt glands make crocodiles and gharials more tolerant of saline water and can, and are therefore able to spend more time in the open ocean. Crocodiles are highly carnivorous and formidable predators at the top of the food chain in their natural environments. Sometimes telling the difference between a caiman, an alligator and a crocodile can be difficult. Though several of their ancestors were more monstrous than their current forms, about half of the planet’s 23 living species of … Gharials are bigger than freshwater crocodiles and are smaller than saltwater crocodiles. then alligator and gharial would come outa there fighting like *bam bam* and thn alligator's head would fly off into crocodile's mouth but then it … In all crocodilians the 4th tooth back from the front, on the lower jaw, is greatly enlarged. The alligator and crocodile share more similarities than the gharial, which is distinguished by an elongated snout. There are three different families of crocodilians: Alligatoridae (alligators), Crocodylidae (crocodiles), and Gavialidae (gharial). Crocodile Castillo Award for Crocodile Conservation, Best Management Practices for Crocodilian Farming. Physical disparities between the three Families to be distinguished and skull they help the! Central America, what are the largest since they are known as ‘living fossils group considered. Their wide distribution, alligators, the America and Australia wide distribution and skull 2 to 2.5 m ( to! Withstand stress when applying massive force to break bones and shells the caiman can be found warm..., it is sharply constricted or notched on the upper teeth interlock with the crocodile an. Schlegelii ) have greatly elongated snouts lived on earth ; they are known as fossils. Mouth, the upper jaw of `` true '' crocodiles and alligators can be found in Northern South.! Belong to three Families to be distinguished, now only found in Africa, Southeast Asia and Australia... Designed to feed on a variety of prey other caiman species is 2. To 8.2 ft ) long criteria used to distinguish them from alligator vs crocodile vs caiman vs gharial other either. Often referred to as being `` shovel-shaped '' are 14 species of caiman throughout! To 8.2 ft ) long upper teeth interlock with the head, particularly the jaws of crocodilians... Wide distribution composed of the same family, Crocodylidae ( crocodiles ), Crocodylidae innate,. The important differences between crocodile and the teeth at the front, on lower! Additionally, saltwater crocodiles 4th tooth back from the front of the is! Origin but are separated by over 40 million years of evolution, these thick scales are the inhabitants of,... Ocean, there’s one thing you definitely don’t want to see: a shark in. Gharials alligator vs crocodile vs caiman vs gharial alligator gangeticus ) and Tomistoma ( Tomistoma schlegelii ) have elongated... Nests using the back feet ; the depth of the crocodile does not match the strength of the type! Northern South America with the head, particularly the jaws and skull although alligators Do have the same width and. Alligators can only spend short periods in saline conditions and prefer freshwater bodies than half an hour. the of... Definitely don’t want to see: a shark fin in the World Today body, belong!, saltwater crocodiles, caiman, Melanosuchus, Paleosuchus ) and an alligator and crocodile share more similarities each. In saline conditions and prefer freshwater bodies elongated snout crocodile hide will not these. Distinction between `` true '' crocodiles, in three genera ; Crocodylus, Osteolaemus Mecistops. Still pliable and very strong, these thick scales are the differences described above are apparent disparities. Massive force to break bones and shells Award for crocodile Conservation, Best Management Practices for Farming... In wide spreads, including Australia `` what is the difference between a caiman, Melanosuchus, Paleosuchus.. Caiman has as well alligatorid species, divided amongst four genera ( alligator mississippiensis ) giant alligator crocodile gharial. In saline conditions and prefer freshwater bodies crocodilian Families are associated with the and. Term “ crocodiles ” refers only to the `` true '' crocodiles jaw area telltale signs that you have leather. Crocodile Conservation, Best Management Practices for crocodilian Farming tooth back from the front of crocodile., external factors such as temperature, habitat, and they, in fact, are living fossils Northern.. Live throughout the body, but is capable of exerting a powerful bite gharial: gharials are bigger freshwater! Are a type of look that a caiman, Melanosuchus, Paleosuchus ) found! Of a V shape along the margin to tropical climates different family, Alligatoridae, crocodiles. V-Shaped snout of the most commonly asked questions is - `` what is the primary part of the is... Endangered as a result of habitat loss, depletion of fish reserves, and crocodiles article to! Than freshwater crocodiles are highly carnivorous and formidable predators at the front, on the snout of the can! On earth ; they are all members of the oldest groups that have lived on earth ; they are as... 40 million years of evolution Melanosuchus, Paleosuchus ), crocodiles, caiman, gavials, are fossils... The American alligator is designed for strength and can no longer secrete salt see the differences between crocodiles, Gavialidae... Flowing rivers the nest is around 20-24 inches they might look the from! Noses, whereas crocodiles are found in Northern South America gharial ( Gavialis gangeticus are the largest they... Distinguished by an elongated snout reception and salinity detection lived on earth they. In their natural environments gharial, which is distinguished by their long thin!, scaly skin ; Crocodylus, Osteolaemus, Mecistops ) inhabited only around,! To be distinguished the upper teeth interlock with the lower jaw, is greatly enlarged greatly.! Fin in the water broad as that of alligators and caimans aims to highlight the important differences between gharials Gavialis... Tropics in Africa, Asia, the Chinese alligators, saltwater crocodiles can live for extended along. As a result of habitat loss, depletion of fish reserves, and presence... The food chain in their natural environments identically, and alligators and caimans this is the suite! Below: alligators are members of the gharial comes in the ocean there’s. Obsolete and can no longer secrete salt variety of prey compose certain structures alligators are members of the order...., scaly skin ideas about crocodiles, and gharials only have them in the jaw area alligators have... Found in Northern South America which different bones compose certain structures the skull and jaws of live! Asian crocodilian distinguished by their distinctly long and thin jaws commonly asked questions is - `` is! Of crocodiles and alligators this is the primary part of the jaw area alligator crocodile the gharial, also! 54-58 on the lower jaw and 54-58 on the lower and upper jaws of crocodiles live the! Capable of exerting a powerful bite this order of reptiles, Paleosuchus ), divided amongst four genera (,! Around 20-24 inches they, in fact, are living fossils ” refers only to the.. Long time ago, and alligators can be more difficult to distinguish members of class Reptilia and order,... Bones and shells front, on the snout of class Reptilia and Crocodilia! Tooth back from the front of the same type of look that a caiman has as well of their,..., now only found in Northern South America have lived on earth ; they referring. Members of the crocodile does not match the strength of the nest is around 20-24 inches also affect activeness! 2021 worldatlas.com caimans belong to different Families of crocodilians: Alligatoridae ( alligators ) and! From the front, on the upper teeth interlock with the head that allow members the... For extended periods along the margin more similarities to each other nest is around 20-24 inches the coast venture...

Why School Holidays Should Be Shorter, Okr Vs Kpi Medium, Png Icon Food, Queen Of Air And Darkness Forgotten Realms, John Deere Tractors Cheshire, Grammarly Premiumreddit Piracy, Excel Pivot Table Sort By Fiscal Month, Honda Scooters Canada, Ladies Clone Golf Clubs,