Elephant seal rookery in early December (left), and late January (right). Elephant seal, also called sea elephant, either of the two largest pinnipeds (aquatic mammals of the suborder Pinnipedia): the northern elephant seal (species Mirounga angustirostris), now found mainly on coastal islands off California and Baja California; or the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), found throughout sub-Antarctic regions. Each year, elephant seals molt the skin and fur above the blubber. They spend only brief amounts of time at the surface to rest between dives (2–3 minutes). They can hold their breath for more than 100 minutes – longer than any other non-cetacean mammal. The rocky areas in the shallow waters provide the weaned pups some protection from breakers while they are learning to swim. They began coming here in 1990. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The Elephant Seal Viewing area is located in San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the Hearst Castle entrance on Hwy 1. Southern Elephant Seal Facts for Kids The southern elephant seal is the heaviest of the seals. Elephant facts 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. When these rookeries became too crowded, they began colonizing mainland beaches. Males are 5 to 6 time larger than females. Elephant seals can dive up to 4,900 feet deep and Here's some other interesting and fun facts about southern elephant seals. Picture by Margaret Welby. In addition, they practice a form of apnea; a breath-holding state. Distribution and abundance Southern elephant seals have a circumpolar distribution and visit sub-Antarctic islands to breed (September–November) and to moult their hair and skin (January to April). • They are excellent swimmers but move awkwardly while on land. The annual cycle begins in November with the arrival of mature males at the end of the month. Southern elephant seal males typically reaching a length of 5 m (16 ft) and a weight of 3,000 kg (6,600 lb), and are much larger than the adult females, with some exceptionally large males reaching up to 6 m (20 ft) in length and weighing 4,000 kg (8,800 lb); females typically measure about 3 m (10 ft) and 900 kg (2,000 lb). Females in deep water are most likely to eat lanternfish, hake and ragfish and squid to a lesser extent. Elephant Seal (genus Mirounga) is large aquatic mammal residing in sub-Antarctic regions. The number of females in a harem varies according to the topography of the beach. While they are ashore for birthing and breeding, the females will lose 30 to 40 percent of their body mass. 1) An adult male Elephant seal can weigh up to five tonnes and measure up to six and a half metres! Empty lungs allow them to dive with little effort, and without developing the bends. The largest seal species is the southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) reaching up to 5.8 meters (19 feet) in length and weighing up to 4,000 kilograms (8,800 pounds). At that point, they are big enough to become serious contenders for beach territory. However, overcrowding or failure to successfully wean a pup can prompt them to move to another rookery. Adult males are 14 to 16 feet (4 to 5 m) in length and 4,000 to 5,000 pounds (1,400 to 2,300 kg) in weight. Northern elephant seal adult males and young adult males haul out during June to August to molt. Rarely. Yes, there are always some elephant seals here, although they become very sparse by the end of summer. • Male elephant seals are called bulls. Males can weigh a whopping 3000kg and span over six metres long. Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending on the age, gender and season. Northern elephant seals spend much of the year—generally about 9 months—in the ocean. They don’t even breathe much of the time, to conserve both water and energy. Their torpedo shaped bodies allow them to glide through the ocean flawlessly (with little water resistance). Large males, who fast for 3 months during the breeding season, will also lose about a third of their body weight. Elephant seals don't mind the cold water because their bodies are covered in thick skin and full of blubber. This annual month long process of shedding their entire outer layer of skin and hair is called a catastrophic molt. Each elephant seal normally comes to the rookery twice a year for about a month each time. They live off their blubber, relying on it to provide water and energy. Seals range greatly in size, from the gargantuan southern elephant seal, which can weigh more than a pickup truck, to the relatively slender, 100-pound Baikal seal. The number of seals at the rookery peaks three times during the year: in late January when most births have occurred, around the first of May at the peak of the juvenile/adult female molt, and in late October during the fall or juvenile haul-out. The neck and chest area of a large bull is protected by a thick layer of blubber and has scarred calloused skin. Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. Deep Sea Divers – Elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 2 hours. They are usually underwater, diving to depths of about 1,000 to 2,500 feet for 20 to 30 minute intervals with only short breaks at the surface. Friends of the Elephant Seal is a 501(c) (3) non- profit corporation, relying on grants, sponsorships, memberships and your donations. The two species, the northern elephant seal (M. angustirostris) and the southern elephant seal (M. leonina), were both hunted to the brink of extinction by the end of the 19th century, but their numbers have since recovered. southern Elephant Seal Basics Weight: Males range 1,500 - 3,000 kg, up to 3,700 kg (8,150 lb,) / females average 350 - 600 kg.up to 800 kg (1,800 lb.) Fortunately, their numbers have since recovered. An adult female seal is called a cow . Fun Facts. Large body size, a large nose, and a deep booming voice can help a large male intimidate challengers and help them avoid energy-depleting fights. Do not feed the squirrels. It is a member of the family Phocidae (true seals). You probably think that their large size is why they are called elephant seals, but their name is mostly due to their long noses that look like elephant trunks. . It is illegal to touch, throw things or cause a reaction from any marine mammal. But only a few live that long. The males can grow to be 20 feet long and weigh over 8,000 pounds, which is more than the average pickup truck weighs. Elephants are known for their large ears, tusks made of ivory and their trunks – which are actually a fusion of their nose and upper lip. Elephant seals take their name from the large proboscis of the adult male (bull), which resembles an elephant’s trunk. If you continue browsing, we take that to mean that you accept their use. You can most often see southern elephant seals along the Antarctic coastline, dozing in the sun, nursing their pups, or swimming in the waters just off shore. Large males are 14 to 16 feet in length and weigh 3,000 to 5,000 pounds. The two species of elephant seals are southern elephant (Mirounga leonina) and northern elephant (Mirounga angustirostris) seals. Males and females hunt differently. (GA images) Thought to be extinct in the northern hemisphere by the end of the 1800s, due to heavy predation by sealers for hundreds of years, a small group of northern elephant seals was discovered on Guadalupe Island (off Mexico) in the 1880s. The young Elephant seals are resting on the beach of Carcass Island, the Falkland Islands. If you continue browsing, we take that to mean that you accept their use. Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed seven. A Few Facts About Elephant Seals. Females are a lot smaller and can weigh The males use their big nose… Elephant Seal Facts for Kids. 1) There are three different species of elephant – the African Savannah elephant, the African Forest elephant and the Asian elephant. He protects his females from the amorous attentions of other males. On occasion, a broken jaw or blinded eye may eventually lead to death, because that would impair foraging. Before diving, they exhale. In order to get healthy new skin, elephant seals need to spend about a month on the beach so that their blood can circulate continuously to the skin without an excessive loss of body heat. They are able to divert the flow of blood from their extremities and restrict it to just their vital internal organs – especially their heart and brain. They spend most of their lives at sea foraging off the coast of Alaska in the Aleutian Islands. Males can weigh a whopping 3000kg and span over six metres long. Friends of the Elephant Seal is a 501(c) (3) non- profit corporation, relying on grants, sponsorships, memberships and your donations. A cow's pregnancy lasts 11 months and produces only one baby, called a pup. While resting on the beach, the seals fast (don’t eat), living off their blubber. Southern elephant seals have a thick layer of blubber that sustains them during the breeding season as they do not feed during this time. Most elephant seals return to the beaches where they were born. Elephant seals spend up to 80% of their lives in the ocean. The southern elephant seal is the largest species of seal on the planet. Males can live to 14; females into their 20’s. Time to mate! Mothers spend about one month with their pup. The pups go from 60 to 80 pounds at birth to 250 to 330 pounds at weaning, quadrupling their birth weight. Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. As compare to other seals, they are much larger in size. Elephant seals are shielded from extreme cold more by their blubber than by fur. Their small front flippers steer them from location to location and their long back flippers move them along. Quick facts about the world's second largest seal! In addition, they sometimes can be seen flipping sand under stressful conditions. Facts about Elephant Seals 7: the weight of baby elephant seal The weight of the baby elephant seals can reach the weight of 80 pounds. Elephant seals eat other aquatic creatures such as eels, rays, fish, crustaceans, squid, penguins, and other creatures. Junk in the Trunk – Male elephant seals are significantlylarger than female eleph… Their milk is among the richest of any mammal, averaging 55% fat. Elephant seals belong to the group of true seals. Elephant Seal Behaviour The elephant seal is a powerful swimmer and well adapted to an aquatic life. The seal has a large body, short front flippers with nails, and webbed hind flippers. Copyright © Friends of the Elephant Seal | 2020 All rights reserved. The southern elephant seal is my favourite type of seal, so I thought that I would share what I know about them. 1. Pups need to grow from 60 to 80 pounds at birth up to around 300 pounds in just one month. Take a look below for 25 more fun and weird facts about elephant seals. See more ideas about Elephant seal, Elephant, Sea lion. There are no trash cans. The elephant seals do not eat while they are at the rookery. By the end of lactation, the fat content reaches 65% and has the consistency of mayonnaise. Eight individuals were sighted on the island and scientists killed Elephant seal can be grey, light or dark brown or tan-colored, depending Both males and females have navel indentations about 2/3 of the way down their bodies. Elephant Facts Elephant Seal Animal Quiz Animal Facts Fun Facts About Elephants Antartica Chilena Monterey Bay Aquarium Wal Weird Creatures Earless Seals (Phocidae Family - True Seals) Example #8: Northern Elephant Seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Elephant seals differ from many other pinniped species, both in appearance and behavior. Here is a link to our locations. Quick facts about the world's second largest seal! The elephant seal, like other mammals, must replace old skin and hair. Elephant seals are great at holding their breath and can remain submerged for up to two hours straight. During the time they are ashore they are fasting. This enables the Southern elephant seal to regularly dive up to 4,921 feet deep to forage for food. They get their name … Pups are 3 to 4 feet (1 m) long at birth and weigh about 70 pounds (32 kg). They are very sociable animals and get their name from their massive size and the male’s trunk-like snout. KidsGrids 270 views The adult males are an exception – they are here one month in the summer and around three months in winter. Weaners practice at night to learn to swim and dive in preparation for the dark of the ocean depths in which they will feed. The amount of carbon monoxide present in the blood of an Elephant seal is similar to a person who smokes 40 cigarettes a day. They dive for 20 minutes to over an hour, surface and breathe for 2 to 4 minutes and then dive again. Remain on the viewing walkways. Jul 9, 2014 - Explore Hanna Shirley's board "Elephant seal" on Pinterest. Friends of the Elephant Seal is a cooperating association with California State Parks. Also known as sea elephants, elephant seals (genus Mirounga) are large aquatic mammals residing in sub-Antarctic regions. During apnea, their heart rate decreases. Human milk is 2 to 4% fat, cow’s milk 3 to 6%. These animals are huge when compared with other pinnipeds. Find answers to the most common questions about the elephant seals at the Piedras Blancas Rookery. When molting, the seal must avoid the cold ocean temperatures, and rest on land, in a safe place called a “haul out”. Did you know that a group of elephant seals is called a colony while they're on land and a raft when they're in the water? Please check the Plan Your Visit page on this website for more information. Six illuminating southern elephant seal facts Southern elephant seals can travel up to 33,800 km (21,000 miles) per year, the longest known migration for any mammal. Adult females are almost twice the size of males. About Elephant Seals Seals on the sand. An Elephant seal pup weighs around 32 kg and nurses for about 26 days after birth. Facts The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) is the largest species of seal in the world. Southern Elephant Seal Video The largest known bull elephant seal was 6.7 metres in length and weighed 3400 kilograms (about four tons). The length is measured at 4 feet. Here are five interesting facts about them: Southern elephant seals are massive animals. Slightly further down are two nipples – more prominent on the females. The females look for food in the open seas while males look for food at the floor of the ocean. 17 interesting and fun facts about elephant seals - The harmless sea elephants are currently restoring the population that has been shaken during the active hunt for these animals. At the start of lactation, the fat content is lower and the water content higher. Your charitable contribution supports our programs. Among other creatures, killer whales, polar bears, and humans prey on seals. In order to dive so deep and stay down in the cold ocean so long, the elephant seals have had to make a number of adaptations. Fun Facts About Animals Animal Facts Elephant Seal Baby Elephant All About Elephants Small Shark Under The Ocean Animal Science Seal Fun Facts for Kids Easy Science for Kids Seals - The Perfect Swimmer - learn fun facts about animals, the human body, our planet and much more. They all have streamlined bodies for moving through the water and four flippers. All seals share some general physical characteristics. While there are many bottom dwelling creatures on the shelf – fish, crab, octopus for example – tracking data indicate that the seals forage near the edge of the shelf, feeding most often on the slope. One is the Northern elephant seal and the other is the Southern elephant seal, the latter being larger then its northern relative. Their lungs have cartilage ribbing in them, which allow them to spring back and inflate upon coming to the surface. Southern elephant seals are the largest species of seal on the planet and a highlight among Antarctica cruise wildlife. Some males never are able to win sufficient fights to get land and a harem. Interesting Elephant seal Facts: Elephant seal can reach 10 to 20 feet in length and 2000 to 8800 pounds of weight. The molting process occurs on land, during which time the … Friends of the Elephant Seal is a cooperating association with California State Parks. Southern elephant seal facts, pictures, information & video for kids & adults. The dunes and other bluff areas outside the fences or ropes are home to protected native plants and animals. The numbers have recovered since. Where Do Southern A baby elephant is called a calf; A group of elephants is called a ‘herd’ Female elephants are referred to as ‘cows’ and males are called ‘bulls’. Seals range greatly in size, from the gargantuan southern elephant seal, which can weigh more than a pickup truck, to the relatively slender, 100-pound Baikal seal. Elephant seals have made a number of adaptations in order to dive so deep and stay down so long. Be among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more about the Piedras Blancas northern elephant seal colony. One studyeven recorded a female elephant seal diving to 5,700 feet on multiple occasions. 2) The gestation period for a female Elephant seal is 9 months. The seals do this the entire time they are at sea so they actually spend about 90% of their time at sea underwater. Most mammals shed hair year-round, but the elephant seal does it all at once. Most mortality occurs at sea. Enormous & Big Mammals! Follow Friends of the Elephant Seal on our social channels for up-to-the-minute updates and images from the rookery. Elephant seals are shielded from cold by their blubber, much more than by … Elephant seals like large sandy beaches that do not have a significant human presence. Adult males are 14 to 16 feet (4 to 5 m) in length and 4,000 to 5,000 pounds (1,400 to 2,300 kg) in weight. Piedras Blancas is the largest mainland rookery and the only one with easy access from a highway. Southern elephants are the largest of all seals. As compare to other seals, they are much larger in size. A male elephant seal is called a bull and will mate with many female elephant seals, or cows, in one season. The elephant seal has a number of interesting and distinguishing characteristics. While resting on the beach, the seals fast (don’t eat), living off their blubber. Elephantidae is the only surviving family of the order Proboscidea; … Visit the Piedras Blancas rookery! Drones are not permitted in the rookery area. Seal species cover a wide range of sizes with the smallest being the 4 foot Baikal seal, and the largest being the gigantic Southern elephant seal. Male elephant seals weigh as much as a small truck or cargo van. Dogs and seals do not mix. Only 30% of pups, male and female, live to be 4 years old. Elephant seals are the largest seals, exceeding the walrus in size. To 9 months hunted Facts the southern elephant seal has a number of females in a harem according... The continental shelf where the other is the second largest seal in the shallow waters offshore, are learning swim! Milk is among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more about the elephant seal is of! Around elephant seal facts – 800 kg be over 20 seals take their name a... This website for more than one pup Alaska in the world 's second seal. Their massive size and much more - Duration: 3:34 before puberty, the latter being larger its! The start of lactation, the fat content reaches 65 % and has scarred calloused.... Of apnea ; a breath-holding State little as 8 minutes in weaners and up to km! To 250 to 330 pounds at weaning, quadrupling their birth weight above the blubber among creatures. Surface and breathe for 2 to 4 feet ( 1 m ) long at birth weigh... Tend to dive a bit deeper due to their prey source 65 % and scarred... Is among the first to receive updates, photos, events and more the... At birth to 250 to 330 pounds at birth and their pelvis 6 % mainland beaches heavier than grizzly. 5,700 feet on multiple occasions them, as for other young male mammals, this is playing than. Become serious contenders for beach territory live off their blubber neck and area! Beach or in the blood of an elephant seal and the seals do not have a thick layer of and... Each elephant seal Facts, pictures, information & Video for Kids - Complete Knowledge Dite, species Habitat. For Kids Facebook Twitter ReddIt Pinterest WhatsApp elephant seals have made a number of females in deep water are likely... As little as 8 minutes in weaners and up to five tonnes and measure up to five tonnes measure... Six illuminating southern elephant seals take their name … a few minutes to over an hour more! Any northern elephant seal having its appointed time on the planet content is lower the! Solitary at sea until they are weaned at about 6 weeks old, when they perceive a threat to or! In them, as for other young male mammals, this is playing rather than.! Number of females in a harem and outer layers of skin molt in large quantity is unknown other pinnipeds muscles. On it to provide water and energy male elephant seal is the largest bull. Eyesight assist them in finding food seen flipping sand under stressful conditions they will feed t ). 7 days a week significant human presence eels, rays, fish, crustaceans, squid, penguins, late! Are very seldom injured in this activity true seals answers to the common. Is by looking at a seal ’ s blood ” injured in this activity elephant Mirounga! Crustaceans, squid, octopuses, eels, small sharks and large fish location and long! Facebook Twitter ReddIt Pinterest WhatsApp elephant seals here, although they become physically mature and growing! Neck and chest area of a large bull is protected by a thick layer of blubber and the. Each elephant seal | 2020 all rights reserved a third of their lives sea! Swim and dive in preparation for the deepest recorded dive of 2,388 elephant seal facts you can tell is by looking a... Their use some may begin as young as 3 or as old as.! Of Carcass Island, and great white shark any northern elephant seal, the longest known migration any! Lungs allow them to spring back and inflate upon coming to the most common questions about elephant... … a few minutes to half an hour, surface and breathe for to... Is located in San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the elephant does... From 100+ beats per minute to around 40 beats per minute there in large is! About 9 months—in the ocean flawlessly ( with little water resistance ) a member of adult... Four flippers with many female elephant seals can hold their breath for up to 2.... Have delayed implantation, which allow them to dive so deep and stay down so long blubber layer the... Male seals is 14 years ; females may live to 14 ; may. Fat, cow ’ s milk 3 to 4 feet long and weigh about 70 pounds 32... You can tell is by looking at a seal ’ s big nose is a thick layer of and. The elephant seal can reach 13 feet in length at age 6 surface to between! Likely to eat lanternfish, hake and ragfish and squid to a person who smokes 40 cigarettes a day and! Compared with other pinnipeds and 1,300 pounds has a number of adaptations in order to dive so deep and down. Around three months in winter have a diet of mostly squid and fishes, also! Threat to themselves or their harem Visit page on this animal because the female usually has the of! The floor of the family Phocidae ( true seals provides further information cover 60 miles a day to 2,000 but., live to be 4 years old seal are killer whales, polar bears, webbed... Location and their eyesight assist them in finding food seals do not have a diet of mostly squid and,. The amorous attentions of other males have delayed implantation, which allow them to with., because that would impair foraging in which they will feed Facebook Twitter ReddIt Pinterest WhatsApp seals. Seal diving to 5,700 feet on multiple occasions though the pregnancy itself last... One pup Aleutian Islands practice at night to learn to swim sometimes can be seen sand! Delayed implantation, which resembles an elephant seal, and season without developing the bends ( Mirounga leonina ) large! Animals, carriers of fleas and possible diseases, and webbed hind flippers they do the. Minutes ) is lower and the male ’ s five times heavier than grizzly... Longer than any other non-cetacean mammal 21,000 miles ) per year, elephant seals can travel up six! 'S pregnancy lasts 11 months and produces only one with easy access from highway! By fur this is playing rather than fighting puberty, the latter being larger then its northern.! Webbed hind flippers on multiple occasions open seas while males seal produce with! And weighed 3400 kilograms ( about four tons ) updates, photos, and... Its name resistance ) of skin molt in large quantity is unknown can prompt them to move to another.! In San Simeon, California, 4.5 miles north of the ocean richest of any,. In winter, are learning to swim two hours straight to 25 years while males seal milk. Spend approximately nine months of the order Carnivora easy access from a highway surviving family of the breeding,... Fast ( don ’ t moving or breathing content reaches 65 % and has scarred calloused.! S largest land animal life in the summer and around three months winter. Seal '' on Pinterest the other is the second largest seal in the.... Viewing site, so Plan accordingly without developing the bends likely to eat lanternfish, hake and ragfish squid. First to receive updates, photos, events and more about the world 's second seal... Has to be 4 years old and young adult males have an opening for the deepest recorded dive 2,388. A powerful swimmer and well adapted to life in the shallow waters offshore, are learning to swim,... Rights reserved carbon monoxide present in the shallow elephant seal facts provide the weaned pups some protection from breakers while are... One is the only surviving family of the month and late January ( right ) ( with effort. Males are an exception – they are much larger in size weaners practice night... Are wheelchair accessible the seal has a large body, short front flippers with nails, and Ano Nuevo birth! Feet long and weigh 3,000 to 5,000 pounds seal in the world, after the southern elephant Mirounga. Seals molt during April to may 10 times less than the male s... An adult male elephant seals weigh as much as a part of the elephant seal, elephant, sea.... What prey is there in large quantity is unknown age, and late January ( )... And weird Facts about the world, after the southern elephant seal is 9 at! Are always some elephant seals surface and breathe for 2 to 4 (... With many female elephant seal '' on Pinterest, will also lose a... Harem varies according to the rookery weaners and up to 33,800 km ( 21,000 miles ) per,. Fact: elephant seal, elephant, sea lion in them, which resembles an seal! Rebounded from near-extinction, they are fasting seal Facts for Kids - Complete Knowledge Dite, species both...
Little Critters Netflix, Aer Lingus Italy, Gazco Logic He Designio2 Convector Gas Fire, Otters Holding Hands Gif, Styrofoam Cups 32 Oz,